European Cooperation in the Field of Scientific and Technical Research (COST)


COST Action FP1403 - Non-native tree species for european forests - experiences, risks and opportunities
The management of tree species non-native to European geographical regions has a long tradition within forestry management practice. Their introduction to Europe (initially focussed on growing tree species) dates back to the 18th century when enormous demands were being made on natural resources to sustain the on-going industrialization of Europe. Today issues of biomass production and C sequestration as well as the question of whether these species could increase the adaptive capacity of forests to long-term climate change patterns have fuelled a growing interest in non-native tree species in Europe. In order to determine their fullest potential (and associated management options, but also assess associated risks and challenges) the need for a communication platform allowing for discussion with stakeholder groups from within anf beyond European borders, is argued.
National delegate: RNDr. Andrej Kormuťák, DrSc. (2014-2018)

COST Action FA 1208 - Pathogen-informed strategies for sustainable broad-spectrum crop resistance

Restrictions on the use of pesticides mean that there is a need for new, sustainable pest control methods. Exploiting natural plant disease resistance is highly attractive, as it reduces the dependency on pesticides. However, the use of crop resistance is bound by two factors: the limited number of resistance sources against important diseases in major crops and the frequent breakdown of resistance due to rapid evolution of pathogens. Both issues can now be addressed by innovative and powerful approaches developed on the basis of recent and unprecedented progress in research on plants and their pathogens fostered by the revolution in next generation sequencing and the investigation of pathogen effector proteins. The challenge is to implement these novel pathogen-informed strategies for the generation of sustainable broad-spectrum crop resistance. Hence, this COST Action aims to create a European network of scientists and breeders for the translation of breakthroughs in plant-pathogen interaction research into effective breeding strategies for durable disease resistance in cereal and Solanaceous crops which are of primary importance for European agriculture. Our participation in this Action involves the evaluation of contribution of overexpressed glucanase and chitinase genes isolated from sundew to antifungal potential of transgenic tobacco plants.
National delegate: Ing. Jana Libantová, CSc. (2013-2017)

COST Action FP1204 - Green infrastructure approach: linking environmental with social aspects in studying and managing urban forests
Green Infrastructure (GI) has recently gained prominence as a planning tool at regional and local levels. GI provides a range of ecosystem services, and new initiatives can build on state-of-the-art research and on delivery mechanisms such as urban forestry (UF). However, greater attention is needed on integrating the environmental and social benefits produced, particularly in the context of climate change adaptation and mitigation. The COST Action aims to: 1) increase the understanding of the role of UF in the context of GI from a scientific and a socio-economic perspective, in terms of the ecosystem services provided to people and to the urban environment; 2) to identify priorities and challenges for future research in the field; 3) to provide indicators and/or thresholds to be included by policy makers in local, national or international regulations about GI and UF; 4) to develop guidelines for GI planners and managers on how to implement GI approaches with an emphasis on linking the environmental and social services of UF.
National delegate: Mgr. Martin Hajduch, DrSc. (2013-2017)

COST Action STREAM - Strigolactones: biological roles and applications
Strigolactones (SLs) are newly discovered phytohormones that contribute to define plant morphology, also in response to environmental conditions, and to the dialogue with organisms in the rhizosphere. As a consequence, SLs have become a cutting-edge topic in plant biology and agronomy, having a great potential in modern agriculture. However, little is known about how they act, their biosynthesis and signaling pathways. Because of their both endogenous and exogenous role as signaling molecules, SLs are well placed to mediate both adaptive changes in the plant architecture and beneficial rhizosphere interactions. Even though SLs are a prime interest for many laboratories across disciplines, there are no official networks neither in Europe nor in the rest of the world on this subject. An outcome of an EU network on this subject would be sustaining and promoting the EU leadership in SLs-related sciences, the coordination of SLs research activities and a transfer of knowledge which may lead to the development of targeted and sustainable agro-technologies. The aim of this proposal is the creation of such multidisciplinary network of experts, of both basic and applied sciences, who can share expertise through the flexibility of the COST framework.

National delegate:
RNDr. Radoslava Matúšová, PhD. (2013-2017)

COST Action FA1306 - The quest for tolerant varieties - phenotyping at plant and cellular level
National delegate: RNDr. Terézia Salaj, DrSc. (2014-2016)

COST Action FA1006 - Plant metabolic engineering for high value products
National delegate: Ing. Jana Moravčíková, PhD. (2011-2015)

COST Action FP 0701
- Micropropagation of conifer trees - an alternative method of plant production
National delegate:
RNDr. Terézia Salaj, CSc. (2011-2012)

COST Action FP 0905
- Biosafety of forest transgenic trees: improving the scientific basis for safe tree development and implementation of EU policy directives

National delegate: RNDr. Terézia Salaj, CSc. (2010-2014)

COST Action FA0605 -
Signalling control of stress tolerance and production of stress protective compounds in plants

National delegate: Mgr. Ildikó Matušíková, PhD. (2007-2011)

COST Action 871 -
Cryopreservation of embryogenic cultures of selected conifer species
National delegate: RNDr. Terézia Salaj, CSc. (2007-2010)

COST Action 863 -
Euroberry research: from genomics to sustainable production, quality and health
National delegate: RNDr. Gabriela Libiaková, CSc. (2005-2010)